Rosacea is a chronic dermatological condition with a centrofacial disposition that is manifested by the appearance of erythematous lesions, accompanied by papulo-pustular eruptions, telangiectasias and flushes (vasomotor hot flashes).

As etiopathogenic factors were involved vascular abnormalities, digestive disorders, immunological factors, demodex folliculorum and Helicobacter pylori, rosacea mainly affecting people with light skin (phototypes I and II), female (between 30-50 years) , but shows more aggressive manifestations in males. The condition begins with the appearance of an erythema accompanied by the sensation of stinging and heat (flush) on the forehead, cheeks, nose and chin. The succession of episodes increases progressively in frequency and intensity, until a permanence of the symptomatology is reached.

Cuperosis can be induced and aggravated by alcohol consumption, spicy foods, emotional stress and heat.

Rosacea is classified into 4 stages:

  • stage I-erythematous-telangiectasia (rosacea);
  • stage II-papulo-pustular, stage III-fibrosis-rhinophyma;
  • stage IV-ocular.

In the treatment of rosacea, it is very important to thoroughly investigate the patient, in order to identify and remove the triggers and favoring the disease. Depending on the stage of the disease, the specialist will opt for the appropriate general and topical (local) drug treatments.

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